|Categories||Building Blocks Organics Research Organics & Inorganics Solvents|
|Harmonised Tariff Code||29033100|
|Appearance||Colourless to Faint Yellow Liquid|
1,2-Dibromoethane is a manufactured chemical. It also occurs naturally in the ocean in small amounts, where it is formed, probably by algae and kelp. It is a colorless liquid with a mild, sweet odor. Other names for 1,2-dibromoethane are ethylene dibromide, EDB, and glycol bromide. Trade names include Bromofume and Dowfume. 1,2-Dibromoethane is used as a pesticide in soil and on citrus, vegetables and cereals. Most of these uses have been stopped by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) since 1984. Another major use was as an additive in leaded gasoline; however, as leaded petrol is now banned, it is no longer used for this purpose. Today’s uses include treating trunks for termites and beetles, killing moths in beehives, and as a preparation for dyes and waxes.
1,2-Dibromoethane is a bromoalkane, which is an ethane bearing bromine substituents in the 1 and 2 positions. It is produced by seaweed. Acts as a fumigant, carcinogen, marine metabolite, algal metabolite, murine metabolite and mutagen. These are brominated hydrocarbon and bromoalkane.
Ethylene dibromide is a clear, colorless, volatile brominated hydrocarbon liquid with a mild, sweet odor similar to chloroform, which emits corrosive and toxic fumes when heated to decomposition. Ethylene dibromide is used as a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of resins, waxes, gums, dyes, and pharmaceuticals, and is used to make vinyl bromide. Ethylene dibromide exposure is highly irritating to the skin and causes depression and collapse. Ethylene dibromide affects the integrity of DNA by alkylation and is reasonably believed to be a human carcinogen.